Mental disorders

Mental disorders are common in the India, with an estimated one in five adults suffering from a diagnosable mental illness. Mental health issues can range from mild to severe and have a profound impact on both physical and mental health. Taking steps to better understand, identify, and treat mental illnesses is essential for overall wellbeing.

The most prevalent types of mental disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, eating disorder, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and personality disorders. Each type of mental illness has its own set of symptoms that may vary among individuals but usually include trouble sleeping or concentrating, feeling hopeless or helplessness as well as changes in behavior or moods.


A mental health disorder characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant impairment in daily life.


Anxiety disorder

A mental health disorder characterized by feelings of worry, anxiety or fear that are strong enough to interfere with one's daily activities.


Bipolar disorder

A disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.



A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.



A disorder that affects a person's ability to think, feel and behave clearly.


Obsessive compulsive disorder

Excessive thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviours (compulsions).



A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact.


Post traumatic stress disorder

A disorder characterized by failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event.


Eating Disorders.

Bulimia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by bingeing and purging.

Anorexia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by starvation and self-starvation. Binge Eating disorder A condition which involves the compulsive consumption of large amounts of food.


Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder A disorder characterized by a pattern of defiant and disobedient conduct.

Conduct Disorder A disorder characterized by a persistent behaviour in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate norms are violated.


Neurodevelopmental disorders.

Autistic Disorder A disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, communication difficulties and restricted and repetitive behaviour.

Rett syndrome A developmental disorder characterized by severe mental retardation and loss of acquired skills.